Nehemiah 11:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1. And ] The copula has no connexion with the preceding chapter, and probably marks the compilatory character of the passage.

rulers ] R.V. princes.

dwelt at (R.V. in) Jerusalem ] It has been suggested that this clause refers only to ‘the princes,’ who, before Nehemiah took the matter in hand, had resided in the country: in deference to his wishes or yielding to his entreaties these princes now dwelt in Jerusalem. But the difficulty remained how to secure the presence in greater numbers of those who, from lack of means or by reason of trade and occupation, could not so easily change their quarters. This explanation which treats the word ‘dwelt’ as equivalent to ‘came to dwell,’ derives considerable support from the word ‘also’ in the following clause.

Others find the explanation of the verse in the contrast between ‘the princes of the people’ and ‘the rest of the people.’ The former naturally had dwellings in Jerusalem; they lived there because concerned in the government of the community and able to afford a dwelling in the city. The latter, however, for the most part the middle and lower classes, lived in the country; and they, being no less eager than their superiors in rank for the defence of the Holy City, determined to recruit its numbers by a contingent of ten per cent.

cast lots ] Cf. on Neh 10:34.

the holy city ] Jerusalem is so-called also in Neh 11:18. The occurrence of this title in Scripture may be illustrated by Isa 48:2, ‘For they call themselves of the holy city,’ Isa 52:1, ‘O Jerusalem, the holy city,’ cf. Dan 9:24; Joe 3:17. In the N.T. it occurs in Mat 4:5; Mat 27:53; cf. Rev 11:2; Rev 21:2; Rev 21:10; Rev 22:19.

nine parts to dwell in other cities ] R.V. nine parts in the other cities.

‘In the cities,’ as the Hebrew has it, must denote the towns and villages of the country occupied by the Jewish community; cf. Neh 11:20.


Ch. Neh 11:1 to Neh 12:26.


Ch. Neh 12:27-43.

Dedication of the City Walls.

Neh 12:44-47.

Levitical Organization.

Ch. Neh 13:1-3.

Relations with Heathen.

Neh 11:1 to Neh 12:26 . Extracts from Registers and Public Lists

1, 2. Measures taken to increase the number of dwellers in Jerusalem.

This passage seems to take up the thread which had been dropped at Neh 7:4. Nehemiah had been rendered anxious by the fewness of the inhabitants in proportion to the size of the area of the city. The census which he undertook reminded him of the old register which had come to his notice (Neh 7:6-73); the memoirs of Nehemiah were then interrupted by a description of the celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles, and the Solemn Covenant (8 10). The Compiler returning to the subject of the paucity of dwellers in Jerusalem, briefly describes the method adopted of increasing their number, probably epitomizing the account which Nehemiah’s own Memoirs contained.

Consult other comments:

Nehemiah 11:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Nehemiah 11:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Nehemiah 11:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Nehemiah 11:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Nehemiah 11:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Nehemiah 11:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 11:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 11:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Nehemiah 11:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Nehemiah 11:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Nehemiah 11:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Smith's Writings on 24 Books of the Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 11:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Nehemiah 11:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Nehemiah 11:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Nehemiah 11:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Nehemiah 11:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Nehemiah 11:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Nehemiah 11:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Nehemiah 11:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Nehemiah 11:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Nehemiah 11:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Nehemiah 11:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Nehemiah 11:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Nehemiah 11:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

Nehemiah 11:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Nehemiah 11:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 11:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 11:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Nehemiah 11:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges