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Genesis 30:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1. envied ] The desire for children and the dread of the reproach of childlessness are frequently referred to in Scripture, e.g. 1 Samuel 1. In this chapter the childlessness of Rachel should be compared with that of Sarah and Rebekah (Gen 16:5, Gen 25:21). It is part of the discipline of the covenant.

Gen 29:31 to Gen 30:24. Birth of Jacob’s Children

31 35 (J); Gen 30:1-24 (J, E and P)

In this section is narrated the account of the birth of eleven sons and one daughter. Six of the sons, viz. Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun, and the daughter Dinah, are the children of Leah; Gad and Asher are the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s handmaid; Dan and Naphtali are the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s handmaid; and Joseph is the son of Rachel. These are all born to Jacob in Haran. The only son born in Canaan is Benjamin (see Gen 35:16-19).

It has been conjectured that this account not only furnishes the popular etymology of the names of the tribes of Israel, but may also symbolize, under the terms of family life, the growth of Israelite clans into a united, though composite, people in the land of Mesopotamia, before the migration into Canaan.

The explanation of the meaning of the names is of the usual popular kind, based upon resemblances of sound. The fact that in some cases more than one etymology is given reflects the composite nature of the narrative (cf. Gen 30:16; Gen 30:18; Gen 30:20; Gen 30:23-24).

Consult other comments:

Genesis 30:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Genesis 30:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Genesis 30:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Genesis 30:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Genesis 30:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Genesis 30:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Genesis 30:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Genesis 30:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 30:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 30:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Genesis 30:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Genesis 30:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Genesis 30:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Genesis 30:1 - Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Genesis 30:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 30:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Genesis 30:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Genesis 30:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Genesis 30:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Genesis 30:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Genesis 30:1 - Mackintosh's Notes on the Pentateuch

Genesis 30:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Genesis 30:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Genesis 30:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Genesis 30:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Genesis 30:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Genesis 30:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Genesis 30:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

Genesis 30:1 - The Sermon Bible

Genesis 30:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Genesis 30:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 30:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 30:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Genesis 30:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges