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Genesis 29:31 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

31. hated ] By this is meant that Jacob had less affection for Leah than for Rachel. Cf. Deu 21:15, “if a man have two wives, the one beloved and the other hated.” In order to prevent the evil effects of jealousy, the marriage by one man of two sisters is forbidden in Lev 18:18. See, also, Mal 1:2-3, “I loved Jacob, but Esau I hated.”

Gen 29:31 to Gen 30:24. Birth of Jacob’s Children

31 35 (J); Gen 30:1-24 (J, E and P)

In this section is narrated the account of the birth of eleven sons and one daughter. Six of the sons, viz. Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun, and the daughter Dinah, are the children of Leah; Gad and Asher are the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s handmaid; Dan and Naphtali are the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s handmaid; and Joseph is the son of Rachel. These are all born to Jacob in Haran. The only son born in Canaan is Benjamin (see Gen 35:16-19).

It has been conjectured that this account not only furnishes the popular etymology of the names of the tribes of Israel, but may also symbolize, under the terms of family life, the growth of Israelite clans into a united, though composite, people in the land of Mesopotamia, before the migration into Canaan.

The explanation of the meaning of the names is of the usual popular kind, based upon resemblances of sound. The fact that in some cases more than one etymology is given reflects the composite nature of the narrative (cf. Gen 30:16; Gen 30:18; Gen 30:20; Gen 30:23-24).

Consult other comments:

Genesis 29:31 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Genesis 29:31 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Genesis 29:31 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Genesis 29:31 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Genesis 29:31 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Genesis 29:31 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Genesis 29:31 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Genesis 29:31 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 29:31 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 29:31 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Genesis 29:31 - Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Genesis 29:31 - Geneva Bible Notes

Genesis 29:31 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Genesis 29:31 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Genesis 29:31 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Genesis 29:31 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Genesis 29:31 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Genesis 29:31 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Genesis 29:31 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Genesis 29:31 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Genesis 29:31 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Genesis 29:31 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 29:31 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 29:31 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Genesis 29:31 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges