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John 3:1 Commentary - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

The former part of the chapter acquaints us with that famous conference which our blessed Saviour had with Nicodemus. This man was by sect a Pharisee; which signifies a person separated and set apart for the study of the law of God, and to teach it unto others; and by calling or profession a ruler of the Jews, that is probably one of the Jews' Sanhedrin, a chief person in their ecclesiastical court and council.

Consider we Nicodemus first as a Pharisee, which sort of men were filled with inveterate prejudice and enmity against Christ: yet from hence we may gather, that such is the efficacy of divine grace, that it sometimes convinces and converts also those that are the greatest enemies to Christ, and fiercest opposers of him. No such bitter enemies to Christ as the Pharisees; yet behold Nicodemus, a Pharisee, coming to him, convinced and converted by him!

Consider him, secondly, as a ruler of the Jews, as a person of place and power, making a figure in the world. Though they were generally the poor which followed Christ, yet some of the great and rich men of the world, as Nicodemus, a master of Israel, and Joseph of Arimathea, an honourable counsellor, are called to Christ, and received by him: lest, if he had admitted illiterate and simple men only, the world might have thought that they were deceived through their simplicity.

Observe farther, The time when Nicodemus came to Christ: It was by night, partly out of shame, lest the world should think that such a knowing man as he was, wanted instruction; and partly out of fear; he had something to lose, and therefore durst not own Christ publicly.

However, our dear Lord upbraids him not with his timorousness, but graciously condescends to instruct him in the fundamental principle of Christianity, the great doctrine of regeneration. Such is the tenderness of our compassionate Saviour, that he will not extinguish the least spark of holy fire, nor quench the smoking flax.

Consult other comments:

John 3:1 - The Greek Testament

John 3:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

John 3:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 3:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 3:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 3:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 3:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 3:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

John 3:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

John 3:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 3:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 3:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

John 3:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 3:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 3:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

John 3:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 3:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

John 3:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

John 3:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

John 3:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

John 3:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 3:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

John 3:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 3:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 3:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 3:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

John 3:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 3:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

John 3:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 3:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 3:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

John 3:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

John 3:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 3:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

John 3:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 3:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

John 3:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 3:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

John 3:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

John 3:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 3:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

John 3:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 3:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

John 3:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

John 3:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

John 3:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

John 3:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 3:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 3:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 3:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

John 3:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 3:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 3:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

John 3:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 3:1 - The Sermon Bible

John 3:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

John 3:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 3:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 3:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 3:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

John 3:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 3:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 3:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament