Verses of John 11


John 11:38 Commentary - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

In these verses we find our Lord addressing himself to the miracle of raising Lazarus from the grave.

First, he commands them to take away the stone. But could not that voice which raised the dead, remove the stone? Yes, no doubt; but it is always the will of Christ that we put forth our utmost endeavours, and do what we can in order to our own deliverance. To remove the stone, and untie the napkin, was in their power; this therefore they must do; but to raise the dead was out of their power; this therefore Christ will do alone. Our hands must do their utmost, before Christ will put forth his help.

The stone being thus removed, his eyes begin; they are lifted up to heaven, his Father's throne, from whence he expects to derive his power: his tongue seconds his eyes, and prays unto his Father. Christ, as God, wrought this miracle by his own power. Consider him as a Mediator, and so he looks up to his Father by prayer, yet we hear of no prayer, but a thanksgiving only. Christ's will was his prayer; whatever Christ willed, God granted Christ and his Father having one essence, one nature, and one will. Neither was it fit for Christ to pray vocally and audibly, lest the unbelieving Jews should say, he did all by entreaty, nothing by power.

Observe farther, That as Christ, when he spake to his Father, lifted up his eyes; so, when he spake to dead Lazarus, he lifted up his voice, and cried aloud. This Christ did, that the strength of the voice might answer the strength of the affection, since we vehemently utter what we earnestly desire; also that the greatness of the voice might answer to the greatness of the work; but especially that the hearers might be witnesses, this mighty work was performed, not by any magical enchantments, which are commonly mumbled forth with a low voice, but by an authoritative and divine command.

In a word, might not Christ utter a loud voice at the raising of Lazarus, that it might be a representation of that shrill and loud voice of the last trumpet at the general resurrection; which shall sound into all graves, and raise all flesh from the bed of dust?

Observe next, At the manner of our Lord's speaking with a loud voice, so the words spoken by him: Lazarus, come forth.

Mark, Christ doth not say, Lazarus, revive: but, as if he supposed him already alive, he says, Lazarus come forth; to let us know that they are alive to him, who are dead to us.

Mark also, What a commanding word this was, Come forth. Not that it was in the power of these loud commanding words to raise Lazarus, but in the quickening power of Christ which attended these words.

O blessed Saviour! it is thy voice which we shall ere long hear sounding into the bottom of the grave, and raising us from our bed of dust. It is thy voice that shall pierce the rocks, divide the mountains, and echo forth throughout the universe saying, Arise, ye dead, and come to judgment.

Observe lastly, How readily obedient Lazarus was to the call and command of Christ: He that was dead came forth: and if Lazarus did thus instantly start up at the voice of Christ in the day of his humiliation, how shall the dead be roused up out of their graves by that voice which will shake the powers of heaven, and move the foundations of the earth, in the day of his glorification!

Question, But where was Lazarus's soul all that while that he was dead? If in heaven, was it not wrong to him to come from thence? if not, doth it not prove that the soul sleeps as well as the body.

Answer, Souls go not to heaven by necessitation, as the fire naturally and necessarily ascends upwards; but are disposed of by God as the supreme Governor; those that hath served him to go to heaven, and those that have served the devil go to hell, and those that are not adjudged to either place, but are to live presently again upon earth, as Lazarus was, are reserved by God accordingly: whether shut up in the body as in a swoon, or whether kept in the custody and hands of an angel not far form the body, waiting his pleasure either to restore it to the body, or to return it to its proper place of bliss or misery, the scripture has not told us whether; and it would be too great curiosity to inquire, and greater presumption to determine.

Verses of John 11


Consult other comments:

John 11:38 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 11:38 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:38 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 11:38 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 11:38 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 11:38 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 11:38 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

John 11:38 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 11:38 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 11:38 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 11:38 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 11:38 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 11:38 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 11:38 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 11:38 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 11:38 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 11:38 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 11:38 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 11:38 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 11:38 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 11:38 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 11:38 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

John 11:38 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 11:38 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 11:38 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

John 11:38 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 11:38 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:38 - Combined Bible Commentary

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament