Bibles

John 1:1 Commentary - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Observe here, 1. The person spoken of, Jesus Christ, under the name of the Word. In the beginning was the Word. Because God spake to us by him, and makes known his will to us by Christ, as we make known our minds to one another by our words.

Again; As our words are the conception and image of our minds, so Christ is the express Image of his Father's person, and was begotten of the Father, even as our words are begotten of our minds: for these reasons he is often styled the Word.

Observe, 2. What the evangelist here asserts concerning the Word, Christ Jesus, even three particulars; namely, his eternal existence, his personal co-existence, and his divine essence.

1. His eternal existence; In the beginning was the Word; in the beginning, when all things received their being, then the Word was, and did actually subsist, even from all eternity. Not in the beginning of the gospel-state, but in the beginning of creation, as appears from the following words, All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. Which plainly shows that the evangelist is here speaking of the creation, rise, or beginning of all things created.

Learn hence, That Jesus Christ, not only antecedent to his incarnation, but even before all time, and the beginning of all things, had an actual being and existence.

2. His personal co-existence with the Father, The word was with God: that is, eternally and inseparably with him, in the same essence and nature, being in the Father, as well as with him, so that the Father never was without him, I was by him as one brought up with him. Pro 8:22 I was by his side, says the Chaldee interpreter.

Learn hence, That the Son is a Person distinct from the Father, but of the same essence and nature with the Father; he is God of God, very God of very God; being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made: The Word was with God.

3. His divine essence. The Word was God. Here St. John declares the divinity, as he did before the eternity, of our blessed Saviour. He was with God, and existed in him; therefore he must be God, and a Person distinct from the Father. The Word was God, say the Socinians, that is, a god by office, not by nature, as being God's ambassador. But the word God is used eleven times in this chapter in its proper sense; and it is not reasonable to conceive that it should be here used in an improper sense, in which this word in the singular number is never used throughout the whole New Testament: Dr. Whitby.

Learn hence, That eternity, the personality, and the divinty of Christ, are of necessity to be believed, if we will worship him aright. Christ tells us, that we must worship the Son even as we worship the Father. Joh 5:23

Now unless we acknowledge the eternity and divinity of Christ, the second Person, as well as of God the Father, the first Person, we honour neither the Father nor the Son. There is a difference between natural things and supernatural: Natural things are first understood, and then believed; but supernatural mysteries must be first believed, and then will be better understood. If we will first set reason on work, and believe no more than we can comprehend, this will hinder faith: but if after we have assented to gospel mysteries, we set reason on work, this will help faith.

Consult other comments:

John 1:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 1:1 - The Greek Testament

John 1:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

John 1:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 1:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 1:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 1:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 1:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 1:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

John 1:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

John 1:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 1:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 1:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

John 1:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 1:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

John 1:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 1:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

John 1:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

John 1:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 1:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

John 1:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 1:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

John 1:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

John 1:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

John 1:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

John 1:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 1:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

John 1:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 1:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 1:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 1:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

John 1:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 1:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

John 1:1 - The Great Texts of the Bible

John 1:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 1:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 1:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

John 1:1 - The Apologists Bible Commentary

John 1:1 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

John 1:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

John 1:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 1:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

John 1:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 1:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

John 1:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 1:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

John 1:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

John 1:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 1:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

John 1:1 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

John 1:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 1:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

John 1:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

John 1:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

John 1:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

John 1:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 1:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 1:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 1:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

John 1:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 1:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

John 1:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 1:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

John 1:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 1:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

John 1:1 - The Sermon Bible

John 1:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

John 1:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 1:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 1:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 1:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

John 1:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 1:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 1:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament