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Verses of Luke 18

9

Luke 18:9 Commentary - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

The design and scope of our Saviour in this parable is, to reprove and condemn the Pharisees, and in them all other self-justiciaries, who having an high opinion of, and trusting in, their own righteousness, despised others as vile persons, whose religion is not accompanied with ostentation, and who pretend not to such extraordinary degrees of sanctity as themselves.

And the parable further shows, that an humble, self-condemned sinner, who though he has been wicked, is now sensible of it, and with shame and sorrow confesses it before God, is more acceptable than he that vaunts of his virtue, and rests in the outward duties of religion: his pride and exaltation of himself shall abases him, while the other's humility shall exalt him.

This is the general scope of the parable; the particular observations from it are these: 1. The Pharisee and the publican both pray, they both pray together in the place of prayer, the holy temple, and they both pray, with and within themselves. Where the duty and action is the same, there may be a vast difference in the purpose and intention: Does an humble saint pray? So may a haughty hypocrite: Two men went up into the temple to pray, the one a Pharisee, the other a publican.

Observe, 2. The Pharisee's prayer, He stood and prayed with himself, God, I thank thee, etc.

Where note, his gesture, He stood and prayed. Standing and kneeling are praying gestures, but sitting is a rude indecency, except in case of necessity. "In prayer," says pious bishop Hall, "I will either stand as a servant to my Master, or kneel as a subject to my prince."

Note farther, it is said, He prayed; but here is not one petition, but thanksgiving! God, I thank thee, etc.

Whence learn, that thanksgiving is a part of prayer. Hannah's prayer, as it is called, 1Sa 2:1-10 is a canticle, or song of praise. We then pray best when we praise God most.

Again, see the Pharisee's pride in this his prayer: this proud beggar shows not his wounds, but his worth, not his rags, but his robes, not his misery, but his bravery; he brings God Almighty in a reckoning of his services: I fast twice a week, I give alms of all that I possess, and thanks God more that others were bad, than that himself was good. Had the Pharisee with an humble mind thanked God for his restraining grace, that though he was not so good as he should be, that yet he was not so vile and bad as some others, this had been no fault; but when he comes before God with a proud and scornful mind, inwardly pleased that others were so bad, and so much worse than himself; giving thinks rather for others' badness, than his own goodness: this is a wickedness incident to none but devilish dispositions.

Learn hence, that whatsoever shows of goodness an hyocrite may make, yet he is inwardly glad of, and takes a secret delight in, others' badness; God, I thank thee that I am not as this publican; which was a kind of triumph, and proud insultation over the poor publican; he would seem to thank God that he was not so bad as the publican, when indeed he was glad that the publican was not so good as himself.

Observe, 3. The publican's behavior, in an humble sight and sense of his own sinfulness and unworthiness, he stood afar off, probably in the court of the Gentiles, where all sorts of sinners might come; acknowledging thereby that he was unworthy to come near the holy majesty of God; not presuming to lift up his eyes to heaven, that place of perfect holiness and purity; but, like a true self-condemned penitent, smote upon his breast, and in bitter remorse of soul said, God be merciful to me a sinner.

Hence learn, that a truly humble temper of mind well becomes us in all our approaches and addresses to God, and is more acceptable to him than all pompous performances whatsoever.

For observe lastly, the publican being thus condemned of himself, departs justified by God: He went down to his house justified rather than the Pharisee; the Pharisee justified himself, but the publican was justified by God.

Thence learn, that a penitent sinner, who is indeed poor in spirit, is far more esteemed of God, that he that makes long prayers, fasts often, tithes all his substance, and prides himself in all this. Without humility all is vain-glory and hypocrisy; and the seeming most sanctified person that has it not, is like a painted sepulchre, beautiful without, but full of rottenness within.

Verses of Luke 18

9

Consult other comments:

Luke 18:9 - The Greek Testament

Luke 18:9 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 18:9 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 18:9 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 18:9 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 18:9 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 18:9 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 18:9 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 18:9 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 18:9 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 18:9 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 18:9 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:9 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:9 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 18:9 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 18:9 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 18:9 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 18:9 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 18:9 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 18:9 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 18:9 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 18:9 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 18:9 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 18:9 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 18:9 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:9 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 18:9 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 18:9 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 18:9 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 18:9 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

Luke 18:9 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 18:9 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Luke 18:9 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 18:9 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 18:9 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 18:9 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 18:9 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 18:9 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 18:9 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 18:9 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Luke 18:9 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:9 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 18:9 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 18:9 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 18:9 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 18:9 - Combined Bible Commentary

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament